What should Romania do to align with the EU 2040 climate targets? 

The Commission released a comprehensive impact assessment outlining potential approaches to reach the established objective of achieving climate neutrality in the European Union by 2050. In accordance with this assessment, the Commission suggests a 90% net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2040, relative to 1990 levels. It also articulates several imperative policy conditions for achieving this target, including meeting 2030 goals, industrial competitiveness, and an inclusive dialogue on post-2030 climate action. In particular, a just transition with adequate measures for energy price affordability and the mitigation of social impact will be essential.    


Ioana Vasiliu – EPG Senior Researcher:

Romania, as a member of the EU, should align with this target and play a significant role in contributing to the overall climate action. 

To set its commitment and ensure accountability, the implementation of Climate Law, including clear emissions goals for 2030, 2040, and 2050, is imperative. This legal framework will play a pivotal role in addressing essential aspects, including industrial competitiveness, where sectoral emissions reduction plans will be crucial for Romania’s industries to compete in a low carbon world. Enshrining energy efficiency targets into a Climate Law will also be key to increasing the rate and depth of renovation in Romania’s building stock, which are struggling to keep up with the pace required to meet the EU’s climate goals. 

Recognizing the socio-economic impact of the transition to climate neutrality, especially in terms of energy poverty, a just transition is crucial. Given the ambition of reducing EU-wide emissions by 90% until 2040, Member States must devote substantial attention to putting in place effective measures for managing the subsequent impact on jobs and local economies, which will be vital for a smooth transition towards a sustainable future. 

To fully align with the EU’s more ambitious 2040 climate targets, Romania also needs to intensify efforts in critical areas such as transportation and land use. By implementing policies that support sustainable agriculture and protect natural ecosystems, Romania can contribute to the EU’s climate targets while also safeguarding its natural heritage.”  

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