Renewable Energy Sources in the Ukrainian Electricity Mix – Opportunities and Challenges


by Aime Boscq*

Download PDF

Ukraine’s electric mix is one of the most carbon intensive in Europe. The majority of the country’s electricity is produced by outdated, inefficient thermal and nuclear power plants, whose fuelling is subject to geopolitical pressure. Past and present policies have thus far favoured a status quo, inefficiently tackling the climate and political challenges plaguing the electric system. Despite a significant potential, production from renewable energy sources remains marginal and project development in this field is slowed down by unstable and ambiguous policies. Nonetheless, a clarification of Ukraine’s short and long-term energy policy coupled with a clear and efficient fight against corruption could put the country’s energy transition back on track towards the goals of the Paris Agreement, along with widespread benefits for the Ukrainian society.

In an early 2021 article, Svitlana Chekunova of the Razumkov Center, an independent Ukrainian think-tank, highlighted some of the challenges faced by the Ukrainian electric system: “the existing electricity market model is functioning with distortions in all of its segments and in the conditions of financial instability of the state-run energy generating companies, debt crisis, unfavourable investment climate, unstabilized renewables”. In addition to these significant market design flaws, the current electric mix is one of Europe’s most carbon intensive, relies on geopolitically sensible imports to fuel and maintain key assets, and suffers from a lack of political, financial and strategical stability.

Amidst these critical challenges, the Ukrainian electric mix lies at a major crossroad. The country’s contribution to the Paris Climate Agreement implies a significant shift in its production mix, phasing away fossil fuels and enhancing the role of low-carbon assets. In this regard, what role could renewable energy sources to lower the electric mix’s carbon footprint? Which political, financial and social barriers would need to be lifted for such sources to gain momentum in the mix? Which would be the required policies necessary to these evolutions? After an assessment of the challenges the Ukrainian electric mix currently faces and an analysis of their climate, political, social and economic implications, this paper will examine the electricity production potential of three renewable energy sources – solar photovoltaics, wind and biomass – in the country, as well as the technical feasibility and implications of a Ukrainian electric mix where a significant part of production would be handled by renewable sources. Preceded by an analysis of past policies directed towards the electricity sector and of their inefficiency to effectively liberalize and decarbonize Ukraine’s electric mix, the paper will be concluded by a series of policy proposals aimed at a Paris Agreement-compatible electricity mix through an increased role of renewable energy sources.


*Aimé Boscq is an EPG Fellow. The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of EPG.


Tags: , , , , , ,



10 more days to go so we still have time to meet!
📬Send your application to 🔹🔹mentioning the position you are applying for (Research Assistant or Researcher) .We want you on our team! 🔹Job opening at EPG: Research Assistant/Researcher🔹
𝘼𝙥𝙥𝙡𝙞𝙘𝙖𝙩𝙞𝙤𝙣𝙨 𝙨𝙝𝙤𝙪𝙡𝙙 𝙗𝙚 𝙨𝙪𝙗𝙢𝙞𝙩𝙩𝙚𝙙 𝙣𝙤 𝙡𝙖𝙩𝙚𝙧 𝙩𝙝𝙖𝙣 𝙅𝙖𝙣𝙪𝙖𝙧𝙮 3️1, 2022 𝙀𝙊𝘿 𝙖𝙩 𝙤𝙛𝙛𝙞𝙘𝙚@𝙚𝙣𝙥𝙜.𝙧𝙤.

𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝘁𝗼 𝗮𝗽𝗽𝗹𝘆?
📎A CV maximum of 2 pages
📎A cover letter of maximum one page outlining your interest and motivation for applying
📎A list of maximum one page with your personal publications
Complete applications in English should be emailed us mentioning the position you are applying for (Research Assistant or Researcher) and your name. The email should contain a single pdf file with the above -mentioned documents.

𝗞𝗲𝘆 𝗧𝗮𝘀𝗸𝘀:
📍 Conducting research activities in the field of energy and climate policy.
📍 Producing quality analysis in support of our research outputs and strategic thinking
📍 Participating in international research teams as part of our research grants
📍Giving presentation at workshops and conferences and engaging with key stakeholders
📍Writing op-eds and commentaries

𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘯𝘦𝘸 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘦𝘢𝘳𝘤𝘩 𝘱𝘰𝘴𝘪𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘸𝘪𝘭𝘭 𝘴𝘶𝘱𝘱𝘰𝘳𝘵 𝘰𝘯𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘰𝘶𝘳 𝘵𝘸𝘰 𝘮𝘢𝘪𝘯 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮𝘮𝘦𝘴: 𝘌𝘯𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺 𝘚𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮𝘴 𝘰𝘳 𝘊𝘭𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘌𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘰𝘮𝘺.

𝗪𝗵𝘆 𝘄𝗼𝗿𝗸 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝘂𝘀?
🔹The Energy Policy Group (EPG) is a Bucharest-based non-profit, independent think-tank specialising in energy and climate policy, market analytics and decarbonisation strategy, grounded in 2014. EPG’s regional focus is Southeast Europe and the EU more broadly. Our work is informed by wider trends and processes at global and EU levels.
🔹 EPG is committed to promoting long-term decarbonisation policies and actions across all economic sectors. Through publications and public events, EPG endeavours to study and disseminate knowledge about the green transition and to provide well-documented input to stakeholders and decision makers.

ℹ️ More details are available on our website 👉
... See MoreSee Less

View on Facebook

Statement of research integrity

EPG’s funding comes from a variety of sources, allowing us to maintain independence of research priorities and freedom from outside influence. Independence, professional integrity and objectivity are EPG’s most valued assets.