Report

Opțiunile României pentru eliminarea dependenței de importuri de gaze naturale din Federația Rusă – Perspective pentru 2023, 2030 și 2050

Șocul geopolitic cauzat de invazia militară a Ucrainei de către Federația Rusă zguduie nu doar sistemul european de securitate, ci și securitatea energetică a Uniunii Europene, care își acoperă nu mai puțin de 40% din consumul de gaze naturale prin importuri din Rusia. Între statele est-europene puternic dependente de importurile de gaze rusești, România are o situație relativ privilegiată, fiind un producător semnificativ de gaze.

Clean Hydrogen in Romania – elements of a strategy

Decarbonising the EU economy will most of all require direct electrification of over 60% of end-uses, based on energy efficiency considerations. However, this will not always be technically possible or cost-efficient. Decarbonised molecules, such as hydrogen, will also contribute to eliminating ‘stubborn emissions’ in hard-to-abate sectors such as high-temperature heat and feedstock in industry, aviation and long-haul shipping, and possibly large-scale district heating and long-term electricity storage, thus increasing the flexibility and resilience of the energy system.

Romania’s Post COVID-19 Recovery – Enabling a Green Transformation of the Economy

The COVID-19 pandemic and the restrictions imposed by governments throughout the world caused one of the greatest economic crises ever experienced given its magnitude and new nature. To assist countries to recover from the crisis and set their economies on a path towards resilient economic recovery, the EU agreed on a comprehensive financial package of €672.5 billion to be made available in the form of low interest loans and grants through the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF). To access these funds, member states must elaborate National Recovery and Resilience Plans (NRRPs), with investments and reforms in line with the broader EU objectives, including the green and digital transitions. The NRRPs must allocate at least 37% of expenditure to climate action and progress towards other environmental objectives of the European Green Deal.

Code of Good Practice for Renewable Energy in Romania

The present paper comes at a crucial time in the country’s energy transition, to applaud past successes, highlight sector specific challenges and opportunities, and bring together public and private stakeholders united by one simple mission – creating a framework that is both climate friendly and economically viable, for the generations to come.

Building momentum for the long-term CCS deployment in the CEE region – CCS4CEE

Pentru a evalua dimensiunea potențială a pieței de captare și stocare a carbonului (CCS) și a celei de captare și utilizare a carbonului (CCU) din România, această secțiune oferă o vedere de ansamblu a evoluției emisiilor interne de CO2 și a surselor acestora, precum și un indiciu privind dimensiunea economică a principalelor sectoare în care CCS (și, într-o oarecare măsură, CCU) ar putea oferi soluții viabile de decarbonizare.

Building momentum for the long-term CCS deployment in the CEE region – CCS4CEE

Pentru a evalua dimensiunea potențială a pieței de captare și stocare a carbonului (CCS) și a celei de captare și utilizare a carbonului (CCU) din România, această secțiune oferă o vedere de ansamblu a evoluției emisiilor interne de CO2 și a surselor acestora, precum și un indiciu privind dimensiunea economică a principalelor sectoare în care CCS (și, într-o oarecare măsură, CCU) ar putea oferi soluții viabile de decarbonizare.

Accelerated lignite exit in Bulgaria, Romania and Greece

All three countries can phase out lignite without implications for the security of supply, with only a few hard coal power plants remaining in the system – the study finds. The difficulties lie in job losses and an increase in end-user prices, which are both politically sensitive consequences of the phase-out.

The Outlook for natural gas in Romania and proposals for its value-added capitalization

This report analyzes the current natural gas sector from the point of view of reserves, infrastructure and market setup. The study also addresses the prospects for the evolution of different segments of natural gas consumption by 2030 and provides appropriate policy and regulation recommendations which would lead to the value-added capitalization, on the Romanian Market, of the expected Black Sea natural gas production but also of onshore deposits.

Oil and Gas History – tradition and strategic opportunity

The history of the oil and gas industry has been and is an intrinsic part of the economic and social development of modern Romania. Also, Romania has the prospect that, by the end of the current decade, it will become a top producer of hydrocarbons at European level – especially natural gas.

The Ukraine crisis: legal and energy security impact in the Black Sea basin

The present study discusses the legal consequences of Crimea’s annexation by the Russian Federation upon the legal status of the peninsula’s Black Sea offshore (continental shelf and exclusive economic zone), with a focus on hydrocarbon exploration and production activities.
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