Fellowship Papers

Navigating the Transition to Renewables in Eastern Europe

This paper assesses the current situation of the renewable energy market in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) along with the inherent technical and economic challenges posed by the rapid deployment of renewable capacities.

The interplay between energy poverty and energy security within the energy trilemmaframework

This research paper draws on the framework of the energy trilemma (security, poverty and sustainability) to explore both the conceptual kinship and the practical implications of the relationship between energy security and energy poverty.

Contrasting Public Acceptance of Carbon Capture and Storage in Norway and Germany

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is the process of removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial processes before it enters the atmosphere, delivering it to a specific storage site and sequestering it there for a long time (Franci and Franci, 2016).

Public acceptance of carbon capture and storage: An underestimated challenge in the race to net zero

The debate around carbon capture and storage (CCS) is often focused on costs. But social acceptance may be the Achille’s heel of CCS, particularly where narratives stress the risks of storage. Having signed the Paris Agreement, many of the world’s leading economies havemanifestedtheir plans to become carbon neutral in the coming decades.

Renewable Energy Sources in the Ukrainian Electricity Mix – Opportunities and Challenges

Ukraine’s electric mix is one of the most carbon intensive in Europe. The majority of the country’s electricity is produced by outdated, inefficient thermal and nuclear power plants, whose fuelling is subject to geopolitical pressure.

Carbon capture and storage – the Gordian knot of decarbonization in Central and Eastern Europe

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) refers to a chain of technologies deployed to capture, transport and store CO2 away from the atmosphere, mitigating its warming effect on the climate. For each step in the CCS process, a range of technologies has been developed and tested for different industries and operating conditions, making CCS a complex value chain rather than a single, “off-the-shelf” technology as it is sometimes portrayed.

Is Maritime Transport the Achille’s Heel of the Paris Agreement?

Maritime shipping is the backbone of the international economy, accounting for more than 90% of world trade. This critical economic weight has recently been illustrated by the Suez Canal blockade of March 2021, which caused major supply chain disruptions on a global scale.

Will Hydrogen Take up Natural Gas’ Role in the Energy Mix?

Natural gas is at the heart of a heated debate within the European Union (EU) over whether it should be included in the EU’s taxonomy classifying green investments. Some member states consider its development necessary in order to limit the social and economic costs of their energy transition.

Is Green Finance Doing Enough for the Energy Transition?

On July 16, 2019, then-candidate to the presidency of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen published a series of political guidelines, stating “we need to tap into private investment by putting green and sustainable financing at the heart of our investment chain and financial system.

Can Europe’s Electric Grid Handle Renewable Energy-Intensive Electric Mixes?

In January 2021, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and RTE, French transmission system operator (TSO), published a study concerning the technical feasibility of a power system with a high share of renewables in France towards 2050.

Just Transition of Coal Regions: A Cross-Case Analysis of Chile and Romania

The European Green Deal marks a turning point for energy and climate policy in Europe. Achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions for the EU as a whole will require an overhaul of the way energy is produced and used, across all sectors and regions. In this context, the coal industry is among the first targeted by policymakers: primarily used in power generation and in industrial processes, coal is a highly carbon intensive energy source, accounting for 31% EU ETS emissions in 2019.

The European Green Deal beyond the EU: What Impact on the Western Balkans?

With a strong external dimension, the European Green Deal was designed to be transformational not only for the European Union (EU), but for its partners as well. The EU has for a long time relied on climate diplomacy as an important tool of its foreign policy, with some notable examples of successful cooperation (e.g., cooperation with China, Japan and South Korea on the design and implementation of their ETS systems), and it is only set to increase in importance with the European Green Deal.

Nord Stream 2: The delicate balancing act between business and politics

EU-Russia relations have sunk to a new low after the poisoning and subsequent arrest of Alexey Nalvany, the prominent Russian opposition figure. The elephant in the room is once again Nord Stream 2, almost finished but as contentious as ever.

The European Green Deal and the Green Recovery: What Place for Eastern Europe?

After long months during which COVID-19 has dominated every policy agenda in Europe and elsewhere, the roll out of vaccines finally gives policy makers the opportunity to focus on other priorities as well. Beyond the challenge of repairing the economic damage left by lockdowns and mobility restrictions, Europe is expected to deliver on its flagship initiative, the European Green Deal.

Biden won. What’s next for US climate policy?

Joe Biden made it clear during the U.S. presidential campaign that climate change would be one of the priorities of his administration, after four years in which president Trump loosened environmental legislation and openly stated his skepticism of climate science.

Navigating climate concerns and the COVID-19 crisis in the oil and gas sector

The oil and gas sector has taken a hard hit during the COVID-19 crisis. The unprecedented halt in global mobility resulting from months of lockdown in most countries, followed by persisting travel restrictions, has crushed demand for energy, leading to record-low oil prices.