Building momentum for the long-term CCS deployment in the CEE region – CCS4CEE

Assessment of current state, past experiences and potential for CCS deployment in the CEE region

To assess the potential market size for carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon capture and utilization (CCU) in Romania, this section offers an overview of the evolution of domestic CO2 emissions and their sources, as well as an indication of the size of the main economic sectors where CCS (and to some extent, CCU) could provide viable decarbonisation solutions. Following a regime of carbon-intensive industrialisation under the communist system, Romania’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions peaked in 1989. Ever since the end of the communist regime in 1989, the country has witnessed a steady decrease in emissions, especially following the closure of economically inefficient industrial facilities and the subsequent decrease in energy demand. GHG emissions in 20192 amounted to less than 50% of the 1990 levels. The steepest reductions occurred between 1990 and 2000. In 1991 alone, emissions suddenly dropped by 20% compared to the previous year.

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